Choline plays an important part in many processes in your body, including:
• Cell structure: It is needed to make fats that support the structural integrity of cell membranes.
• Cell messaging: It is involved in the production of compounds that act as cell messengers.
• Fat transport and metabolism: It is essential for making a substance required for removing cholesterol from your liver. Inadequate choline may result in fat and cholesterol buildup in your liver.
• DNA synthesis: Choline and other vitamins, such as B12 and folate, help with a process that's important for DNA synthesis.
• A healthy nervous system: This nutrient is required to make acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter. It's involved in memory, muscle movement, regulating heartbeat and other basic functions.
Choline deficiency can cause harm, especially for your liver.
Choline is especially important during pregnancy, as a low intake may raise the risk of neural tube defects in unborn babies.
In addition, low choline intake may raise your risk of other pregnancy complications. These include preeclampsia, premature birth and low birth weight